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Image Source: Bethel Archives

Image Source: Bethel ArchivesAME Church

AME Church

Bailey, Julius. Around the Family Altar: Domesticity in the African Methodist Episcopal Church, 1865-1900. University Press of Florida, 2005.

———. Race Patriotism: Protest and Print Culture in the AME Church. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2012.

Palmer, Ronald. “AME Bishop William Paul Quinn” Notes Towards a Bibliographical Chronology of an American Original.” The AME Church Review CXX, no. 395 (2004): 40–61.

Payne, Daniel A. Recollections of 70 Years. Arno Press, 1888.

Social Protest Thought in the African Methodist Episcopal Church, 1862-1939. 1st ed. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2000.

Walker, Clarence Earl. A Rock in a Weary Land: The African Methodist Episcopal Church during the Civil War and Reconstruction. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1982.

Warren, Stanley. “The Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church.” Traces (Summer 2007): 32–36.

Williams, Gilbert Anthony. The Christian Recorder, Newspaper of the African Methodist Episcopal Church: History of a Forum for Ideas, 1854-1902. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland, 1996.

Ante-bellum Violence

Grimsted, David. American Mobbing, 1828-1861: Toward Civil War. Oxford University Press, 2003.

Richards, Leonard L. Gentlemen of Property and Standing: Anti-Abolition Mobs in Jacksonian America. Oxford University Press, 1971.

Civil War & United States Colored Troops

Arenson, Adam. The Great Heart of the Republic: St. Louis and the Cultural Civil War. Harvard University Press, 2011.

Clark, George P., and Clark, Mary E. “Heroes Carved in Ebony: Indiana’s Black Civil War Regiment, the US 28th USCT.” Traces of Indiana and Midwestern History (1995): 4–16.

Cornish, Dudley Taylor. The Sable Arm: Negro Troops in the Union Army 1861-1865. W. W. Norton Limited, 1966.

Fahs, Alice. Memory of the Civil War in American Culture.  University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

Sampson, Robert D. “Pretty Damned Warm Times‘: The 1864 Charleston Riot and ’The Inalienable Right of Revolution.” Illinois Historical Journal 89, no. 2 (July 1, 1996): 99–116.

Thornbrough, Emma Lou. Indiana in the Civil War Era, 1850-1880. Indiana Historical Society, 1991.

Indiana and Free Black Communities

Ann O’Bryan. “Mt. Pleasant Library: Reading Among African Americans in 19th-Century Rush County, Indiana.” Black History News and Notes (2005).

Anna-Lisa Cox. “200 Years of Freedom: Charles Grier and the History of African American Settlement in Gibson County, Indiana.” Traces of Indiana and Midwestern History 25, no. 1 (2013): 35–39.

Bristol, Douglas W. Knights of the Razor: Black Barbers in Slavery and Freedom. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.

Forgotten Hoosiers: African Heritage in Orange County, Indiana. Heritage Books, 2011.

Gardner, Eric. Unexpected Places: Relocating Nineteenth-Century African American Literature. Univ. Press of Mississippi, 2010.

Hendrickson, T. A. “Indianapolis and Slavery: ‘A Moral Refrigerator’.” Black History News & Notes (2005): 2–7.

Indiana’s African-American Heritage: Essays from Black History News & Notes. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1993.

Rudolph, L. C. Hoosier Faiths: a History of Indiana Churches & Religious Groups. Indiana University Press, 1995.

Thornbrough, Emma Lou. The Negro in Indiana before 1900: a Study of a Minority. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.

Vincent, Stephen A. Southern Seed, Northern Soil: African-American Farm Communities in the Midwest, 1765-1900. Indiana University Press, 1999.


Bodenhamer, David J., and Robert G. Barrows. The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. Indiana University Press, 1994.

Broyles, Elder Moses. The History of the Second Baptist Church of Indianapolis. I: Printing and Publishing House, 1876.

Mullins, Paul. “Engagement and the Color Line: Race, Renewal and Public Archaeology in the Urban Midwest.” Urban Anthropology 32, no. 2 (2003): 1–25.

Social Justice & Black Protest

Curry, Leonard P. The Free Black in Urban America, 1800-1850: The Shadow of the Dream. University of Chicago Press, 1986.

Fabre, Genevieve. History and Memory in African-American Culture. Oxford University Press, 1994.

Horton, James, and Lois E. Horton. In Hope of Liberty : Culture, Community and Protest Among Northern Free Blacks, 1700-1860: Culture, Community and Protest Among Northern Free Blacks, 1700-1860. Oxford University Press, 1996.

Kelley, Robin. Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, And The Black Working Class. Simon and Schuster, 1996.

Taylor, Nikki Marie. Frontiers of Freedom: Cincinnati’s Black Community, 1802-1868. Ohio University Press, 2005.


Dunn, Jacob Piatt. Greater Indianapolis: The History, the Industries, the Institutions, and the People of a City of Homes. Lewis Publishing Company, 1910

Schwalm, Leslie A. Emancipation’s Diaspora: Race and Reconstruction in the Upper Midwest. University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Downs, Jim. Sick from Freedom: African-American Illness and Suffering During the Civil War and Reconstruction. Oxford University Press, 2012.

Underground Railroad

Blight, David. Passages to Freedom: The Underground Railroad in History and Memory. HarperCollins, 2006.

Bordewich, Fergus. Bound for Canaan: The Epic Story of the Underground Railroad. HarperCollins, 2009.

Finkelman, Paul. “Evading the Ordinance: The Persistence of Bondage in Indiana and Illinois.” Journal of the Early Republic 9, no. 1 (April 1, 1989): 21–51.

Gara, Larry. The Liberty Line: The Legend of the Underground Railroad. University Press of Kentucky, 2013.

Griffler, Keith P. Front Line of Freedom: African Americans and the Forging of the Underground Railroad in the Ohio Valley. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2004.

Regan-Dinius, Jeannie. “‘With Bodily Force and Violence:’ The Escape of Peter.” Black History News and Notes (2008): 5–7.

Mull, Carol E. The Underground Railroad in Michigan. McFarland, 2010.


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